Last time, we introduce the history of roll films developed by Kodak [link]. Up till now, 135 format is still the most popular film size format and is defined as the standard.
For this article, we would like to talk about the 135 roll film old friend: Kodak Retina (Type 117), product of 1934-1935!
The Retina cameras were manufactured at Kodak A.G. in what had previously been the Dr. August Nagel Camerawerk factory (acquired by George Eastman, owner of Kodak in 1932) in Stuttgart, Germany. The first Retina camera, Retina type 117, was introduced in the summer of 1934 along with a new 35mm film Daylight Loading Cartridge (DLC). Therefore, Retina 117 is the world’s first camera to use 135 DLC film after it was created by Kodak.
Since then, Leica and Contax fans stopped to use the special hand-loaded-in-the-darkroom cassettes, and most of the 35mm cameras use the same 135 DLC cartridges, even currently.
The Retina type 117 was replaced by the Retina type 118 within a year, the total production number is around 60,000.
Details of the Camera:
Camera model – Retina type 117
Year built – 1934-1935
Lens – f3.5 Schneider Kreuznach Xenar (SN: 706994)
Shutter – Compur
Shutter speed – T, B, 1sec to 1/300 sec
Total quantity built: ~ 60,000
Made in Germany