Posts Tagged ‘antique camera’

Retina type 117

Last time, we introduce the history of roll films developed by Kodak [link]. Up till now, 135 format is still the most popular film size format and is defined as the standard.

For this article, we would like to talk about the 135 roll film old friend:   Kodak Retina (Type 117), product of 1934-1935!

The Retina cameras were manufactured at Kodak A.G. in what had previously been the Dr. August Nagel Camerawerk factory (acquired by George Eastman, owner of Kodak in 1932) in Stuttgart, Germany. The first Retina camera, Retina type 117, was introduced in the summer of 1934 along with a new 35mm film Daylight Loading Cartridge (DLC). Therefore, Retina 117 is the world’s first camera to use 135 DLC film after it was created by Kodak.

Since then, Leica and Contax fans stopped to use the special hand-loaded-in-the-darkroom cassettes, and most of the 35mm cameras use the same 135 DLC cartridges, even currently.

The Retina type 117 was replaced by the Retina type 118 within a year, the total production number is around 60,000.

Kodak Retina type 117 - folded front

Kodak Retina type 117 – folded front

Kodak Retina type 117 - folded side

Kodak Retina type 117 – folded side

Kodak Retina type 117 - folded back

Kodak Retina type 117 – folded back

Kodak Retina type 117 - bottom

Kodak Retina type 117 – bottom

Kodak Retina 117 DoF scale

Kodak Retina 117 DoF scale

Retina 117 unfolded

Retina 117 unfolded

Kodak Retina 117 - Lens and Shutter

Kodak Retina 117 – Lens and Shutter

Kodak Retina 117 unfolded - side

Kodak Retina 117 unfolded – side view

Kodak Retina type 117 unfolded - side view

Kodak Retina type 117 unfolded – side view

Details of the Camera:

Camera model – Retina type 117

Year built – 1934-1935

Lens – f3.5 Schneider Kreuznach Xenar (SN: 706994)

Shutter – Compur

Shutter speed – T, B, 1sec to 1/300 sec

Total quantity built: ~ 60,000

Made in Germany

Last time we talked about the last Olympus medium format camera Olympus Six RIIB (or Olympus Chrome Six RIIB) – Product of 1955.

https://wallphotography.wordpress.com/2011/10/01/olympus-chrome-six-riib-product-of-1955/

We now move forward to 1984 to see how was the impact of Olympus OM system to the whole photography and camera world!

The first OM system camera was called “M-1” in 1973, but this was changed to “OM-1” as Leica owned the “M-1” trademark for her M system cameras.

From M-1/OM-1 to OM-4 Ti, Olympus OM was a superb system of efficiency and miniaturization. Here I used OM-2SP (a very balanced model) to illustrate the OM system.

Product of 1984. The Last model of OM-2 series, the only OM-single digit system camera with A, M and P mode.

1984年出產

OM-2系列的終極版

OM 單字系統所有相機中,唯一一台據P (Program)、A (Auto光圈先決)、Manual、Spot (點測光) 的經典名機!

OM-2SP = OM-2 Spot / Program

SPOT metering function. 據有SPOT點測光功能

Program function. OM-單字System 系中唯一一台有Program功能

ISO Dial. OM-2S PROGRAM 的 ISO 轉盤

ZUIKO 50mm f/1.8 Standard Lens

Light seal is perfect! 底片倉 – 雖然已二十多年,但倉內接近完美,Light Seal海綿亦良好

Olympus OM-system ZUIKO lenses are very famous with unbeatable quality and complete range (from an 8 mm f2.8 fisheye to a 1200mm f14 tele). It is also one of the reasons made OM system successful!